The most common materials in 3D printing are thermoplastic materials such as PLA , PETG and ABS . Filaments come in a huge variety of different colors, strengths and materials. Select the appropriate product according to the intended use. Different Categories for different filaments are as follows.
PLA filament for all FDM-3D printers
The most popular media for FDM-3D printing.PLA (polylactic acid) filament is very easy to print as a material. This filament requires a lower printing temperature than, for example, ABS filament. The PLA filament also does not require a heated printing substrate, and no unpleasant odors are released during printing.
PET / PETG filament for 3D printers
Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is the most widely used plastic in the world.PETG filament is a highly regarded material in 3D printing. The letter G stands for "glycolmodified," which makes the filament brighter, stronger, and easier to use. PETG filament is a good material between ABS and PLA filaments. It is more flexible and durable than PLA and easier to print than ABS filament.
Flexible filaments for 3D printers
Flexible filaments, weft TPE, TPU or TPC are plastics with rubber-like properties.Flexible filaments are often used in auto parts, household appliances or medical devices. These filaments are mostly soft and stretchy and can withstand such high stress.
Carbon fiber filament for 3D printers
Extremely rigid and durable 3D models are created with carbon fiber filaments. Most often, PLA, ABS, PETG or nylon filaments are reinforced with carbon fibers. The disadvantage of carbon fiber filament is the increased wear of the nozzle. A hardened or coated nozzle is recommended for use.
ASA filament for 3D printers
Acrylonitrile styrene acrylate (ASA) is a great alternative to ABS .This material has been specially developed against the effects of weather conditions and is more durable. ASA is a 3D printing filament that is strong, rigid and fairly easy to print. The material is also extremely resistant to chemical action or heat. ASA warps less than ABS, but the material should still not be overcooked when printing.
PA - Nylon filament for 3D printers
Nylon is a popular synthetic polymer used primarily in industry. Nylon is the champion of a heavy series of 3D printing filaments. Compared to most other filaments, it is unbeatable in strength, durability and flexibility. Nylon is harder to work with than most other filaments. The material should be stored in a dry and cool place
Wood filaments for 3D printers
Wood filament can be used to print objects that look and feel like wood. Wood filament is not really just wood. In most cases, PLA is used as the base material, and wood fiber is mixed with the plastic. In wood filament, optics and feel play a major role. In most cases, the printing temperature must be lowered compared to normal PLA
Metal filaments for 3D printers
Particularly aesthetic designs can be made with metal filaments. A metal filament is a mixture of metal powder and plastic (mostly PLA or ABS). 3D prints feel and look metallic. The weight resembles metal, which gives the models a unique feel. Metal filaments are most often abrasive, which increases nozzle wear.
BIO filament with a bio-organic composition
Biodegradable 3D printing filaments form a unique category. These materials are biodegradable and therefore reduce the impact on our environment. The materials have unique properties and are mostly machinable in the same way as PLA.
PC filament for 3D printers
Polycarbonate (PC) is one of the strongest, longest lasting and most durable materials. In addition to its technical properties, the PC has a high heat resistance. In the commercial field, the PC is used for bulletproof glass, diving masks and screens. 3D PC filament is hygroscopic and therefore must be kept cool and dry to prevent quality loss.
Durable filament with exceptional properties. PCTG is a highly durable printing material that includes all the features of the popular PET-G, but offers excellent additional features. The material has better impact strength and optical brightness, is resistant to chemicals and temperatures, and is therefore often used in medicine, industry and the food industry. Its rigidity makes PCTG a reliable filament for parts that need to maintain their shape under pressure. Therefore, it is ideal for use in electronics or robotics. PCTG filament is an excellent material for users looking for a durable, easy to print and affordable filament.
Filament shining in the dark
Glow in the Dark Phosphorized material in filament. Shine in the dark. This material is based on PLA or ABS. Thanks to the added phosphor particles, the models shine in the dark. To do this, the model must first be exposed. Photons absorb these rays. For best results, use thick edges. The thicker the edges, the stronger the radiation.
PVA & Support Material - Soluble Filament for Support Structures
Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) is a water-soluble filament PVA is used in 3D printing as a support material for the Dual Extruder 3D printer. The advantage of PVA over HiPS is that it can be printed with more media than just ABS. PVA is slightly more difficult to print than regular 3D printing filament. The material is hygroscopic and should therefore be stored dry.
HiPS filament for 3D printers
HiPS is a highly impact resistant polystyrene and is often used as a support material HiPS is a copolymer with the hardness of polystyrene and the elasticity of rubber. This material is often used in protective packaging and containers or, for example, in CD covers. In 3D printing, HiPS plays another role. Combined with the ABS and Dual Extruder, it is the perfect support material. HipS can be dissolved in limonene.
PEEK filament for FDM 3D printers
Heat-resistant thermoplastic. PEEK, also known as polyether ether ketone, is a high temperature resistant plastic with a melting point of about 335 ° C. The material is highly resistant to many organic and inorganic chemicals and is used primarily in industry and medical technology. PEEK is about 70% lighter than similar metals with similar properties. A special feature of 3D printing of PEEK filament is the high required printing temperature. Depending on the manufacturer, the hot end should be heated to 400 ° C.
Polypropylene (PP) is a technical plastic with unique properties.PP is tough, flexible, lightweight, chemically resistant and suitable for food, which is why it has a wide range of uses. As a 3D printing filament, PP is relatively difficult to process because it is prone to warping and the layers hold poorly.
PEI filament for FDM-3D printing
Heat-resistant filament for special applications.PEI, also called polyetherimide, has a very high heat resistance. Depending on the material, it can withstand temperatures above 200 ° C.3D printing of PEI requires a high compression temperature. (350 - 370 ° C).PEI is very flexible and resistant to many chemicals.
Verbatim DURABIO Filament
Semi-bio-based and durable engineering plastic.DURABIO ™ filament combines the most useful properties of polycarbonate (PC) and polymethacrylate (PMMA).
Polymaker PolySmooth filament
Polymaker's Specialty family offers one-of-a-kind filaments that enable novel 3D printing applications. PolySmoothTM is a yet another, simple-to-print filament that allows for hands-free post-processing. Using the PolysherTM, the surface may be smoothed with alcohol to generate layer-free models.