Additive manufacturing, commonly known as 3D printing, has revolutionized the way we manufacture and design products. With the availability of affordable 3D printers, it is now possible for anyone to create complex and intricate designs at home. One of the most popular materials used in 3D printing is PLA (polylactic acid), which is a biodegradable and easy-to-print material. However, post-processing PLA 3D prints is often necessary to improve their appearance and functionality. In this blog post, we will discuss some of the most common post-processing techniques for PLA 3D prints.
Sanding is one of the most common post-processing techniques used for PLA 3D prints. Sanding can help smooth out the surface of the print and remove any visible layer lines. Start with a coarse grit sandpaper and work your way up to finer grits until you achieve the desired finish. Sanding can also help remove any support marks left behind after printing.
The filling is another post-processing technique used to smooth out the surface of PLA 3D prints. Filling involves applying a filler material to the surface of the print, which is then sanded down to create a smooth finish. Common filler materials include wood filler, Bondo, and epoxy. A filling is particularly useful for prints that have small imperfections or divots.
Painting is a great way to add color and texture to PLA 3D prints. Before painting, it is important to clean the print thoroughly and apply a primer to ensure good adhesion. Acrylic paint is a popular choice for painting PLA prints, but other types of paint can also be used. Experiment with different colors and techniques to achieve the desired look.
Painting is a common post-processing technique used to add color and texture to 3D-printed objects. Here is a step-by-step guide to painting a PLA 3D print:
1. Clean the print: Before painting, it is important to clean the print thoroughly. Use a damp cloth to remove any dust or debris, and allow the paint to dry completely. 2. Apply primer: Applying a primer is important to ensure good adhesion and to create a smooth surface for the paint. Choose a primer that is compatible with PLA, such as a plastic primer or a multi-surface primer. Apply the primer in thin, even coats, and allow each coat to dry completely before applying the next. 3. Choose your paint: Acrylic paint is a popular choice for painting PLA prints because it is easy to work with and dries quickly. However, other types of paint can also be used, such as enamel or oil-based paint. Choose a paint that is compatible with PLA and that suits the desired look. 4. Apply the paint: Use a paintbrush to apply the paint in thin, even coats. Allow each coat to dry completely before applying the next. Depending on the desired look, multiple coats may be necessary. 5. Optional: Add texture: If you want to add texture to your print, there are several techniques you can use. One common technique is dry-brushing, which involves lightly brushing a contrasting color over the surface of the print to create highlights and shadows. Another technique is stippling, which involves dabbing the paintbrush onto the surface of the print to create a textured effect.
Examples of painted PLA 3D prints include:
1. A toy car: A 3D-printed toy car can be painted in any color scheme, using techniques such as dry-brushing to create a realistic metallic finish. 2. A cosplay prop: A 3D printed cosplay prop, such as a sword or a helmet, can be painted to create a realistic, weathered look using techniques such as dry-brushing and stippling. 3. A figurine: A 3D-printed figurine, such as a superhero or a cartoon character, can be painted in bright, bold colors using techniques such as layering and shading to create depth and dimension.
Polishing is a post-processing technique used to create a glossy, reflective surface on PLA prints. Polishing involves using a polishing compound and a buffing wheel to smooth out the surface of the print. Polishing is particularly effective on prints with a smooth surface.
5. Heat Treatment
Heat treatment is a post-processing technique that can help improve the strength and durability of PLA prints. Heat treatment involves heating the print to a specific temperature for a certain amount of time, which causes the PLA to crystallize and become stronger. However, heat treatment can also cause the print to warp or deform, so it should be done carefully.
In conclusion, post-processing PLA 3D prints can greatly improve their appearance and functionality. Sanding, filling, painting, polishing, and heat treatment are just a few of the many post-processing techniques available to 3D printing enthusiasts. Experiment with different techniques to achieve the desired result, and remember to always work in a well-ventilated area and follow all safety precautions.